Texas ranks #2 in total Hispanic population among states in the U.S.
The Texas Hispanic population increased by 21 percent since 2010.
Mexicans are the largest ethnic group in Texas representing 83% (9.5 million) of the population. Other ethnic groups such as Salvadorans, Puerto Ricans, Hondurans, and Guatemalans have populations of over 100,000 each.
Fifteen percent (15%) of Hispanics 25 years and older have earned a Bachelor’s degree or higher, representing a 36% increase since 2010.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the
current labor force participation rate of Hispanics
was among the highest at 66%.
Each year, Americans observe National Hispanic Heritage Month from September 15 to October 15, by celebrating the histories, cultures and contributions of American citizens whose ancestors came from Spain, Mexico, the Caribbean and Central and South America.
The observation started in 1968 as Hispanic Heritage Week under President Lyndon Johnson and was expanded by President Ronald Reagan in 1988 to cover a 30-day period starting on September 15 and ending on October 15. It was enacted into law on August 17, 1988, on the approval of Public Law 100-402.
The day of September 15 is significant because it is the anniversary of independence for Latin American countries Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on September 16 and September 18, respectively. Also, Columbus Day or Día de la Raza, which is October 12, falls within this 30 day period.